This comprehensive and accessible book introduces the basic concepts of transport policy and decision-making. The foundations for policy are presented, incorporating a review of why policy is needed, the policy formulation process and models of decision-making that are appropriate to public sector policy makers.
The bus is the most patronised of all land-based public passenger mode but is seen as a somewhat unglamorous means of supporting mobility and accessibility, in contrast to rail - heavy and light, yet offers so much to the travelling public as well as offering attractive sustainability opportunities. This book reflects the author's perspective on issues of importance to the preservation and health of the bus sector. The twenty one chapters cover the themes of institutional reform, performance measurement and monitoring, service quality, costing and pricing of services including commercial and non-commercial contracts, travel choice and demand, integrated bus-based systems, and public transport policy, especially challenges in growing patronage.
Series Editors Manfred M. Fischer Geoffrey J.D. Hewings Peter Nijkamp Folke Snickars
Through a comparative global study of countries from all continents representing a diversity of health, legal, political, and economic systems, this book explores the role of health rights to advance greater equality through access to health care. Does health care promote equality, or does it in fact advance the opposite result? Does inserting the idea of 'the right to health' into health systems allow the reinsertion of public values into systems that are undergoing privatization? Or does it allow for private claims to be rearticulated as 'rights', in a way that actually reinforces inequality? This volume includes studies from countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Brazil, Canada, The Netherlands, China, and Nigeria, among many others, as well as authors with expertise regarding both the legal and health systems of their countries, making this a seminal study that allows readers to see the differing role of rights in various health systems.
This book embarks on a discussion of rulemaking in air transport, its processes and legalities, starting with a deconstruction of work carried out at the time of writing in various fields of air transport by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) which should be at the apex of rulemaking. This initial discussion, which demonstrates the weakness of rulemaking in the air transport field for lack of direction, purpose and structure in the development of authoritative rules and regulations that should serve as compelling directives from the main organization responsible for aviation, leads to an evaluation of the fundamental principles of rulemaking in ICAO, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States and the European Commission (EC).