The atrocities of civil wars present us with many difficult questions. How do seemingly ordinary individuals come to commit such extraordinary acts of cruelty, often against unarmed civilians? Can we ever truly understand such acts of 'evil'? Based on a wealth of original interviews with perpetrators of violence in Sierra Leone's civil war, this book provides a detailed response. Moving beyond the rigid bounds of political science, the author engages with sociology, psychology and social psychology, to provide a comprehensive picture of the complex individual motives behind seemingly senseless violence in Sierra Leone's war. Highlighting the inadequacy of current explanations that centre on the anarchic nature of brutality, or conversely, its calculated rationality, this book sheds light on the critical but hitherto neglected role played by the emotions of shame and disgust. Drawing on first-hand accounts of strategies employed by Sierra Leone's rebel commanders, it documents the manner in which rebel recruits were systematically brutalised and came to perform horrifying acts of cruelty as routine. In so doing, it offers fresh insight into the causes of extreme violence that holds relevance beyond Sierra Leone to the atrocities of contemporary civil wars.
I went through Hell with the United State Citizenship and Immigration Service. The battle lasted nine years, but I came out victorious. My story follows for what it may be worth. Fully documented with actual communications and forms from "the battle," this important new book is surely worth a great deal. It shows the struggle of one hard-working woman to achieve her dream. With patience, perseverance and ever-increasing knowledge of the system, she prevailed. Her experience can serve as a guide to anyone in a similar predicament, and as a moving, informative lesson in becoming a United States Citizen for everyone else.
More than twenty-five years after the collapse of the Socialist bloc, the nature of the regimes in Eastern Europe between 1945 and 1989 continues to evade the attempts of political theorists and scholars of post-communism to define and classify them. Drawing on philosophical inquiry, jurisprudential analysis and intellectual history, this book traces the impact of communist ideology and practice on legal thought: from its critical roots in the midst of the nineteenth century to its reactionary stand in the later years of the twentieth. Exploring how the communist experience - both in its revolutionary and authoritarian guises - has been articulated within the legal theoretical field, the book addresses two central theoretical lacunae fostered by the historiography of authoritarianism in Central and Eastern Europe: the status of law, and its relationship to the broader ideological framework legitimising authoritarian regimes. Moving beyond the limits of the contemporary discourse on communism - particularly as it is channelled through transitional justice and memory studies - Cosmin Cercel develops a theoretical framework that is able to uncover law's complicity with the extreme ideologies that dominated Central and Eastern Europe. For it is, he argues, in its recourse to legal concepts that the communist experience raises important jurisprudential questions for our contemporary understanding of law, the limits of state sovereignty, and law's relationship to historical violence.
Assignments in each chapter, featuring integrated work in rhythm and dance, point readers towards varied applications of their learning, moving them beyond theoretical understanding. The assignments begin simply, with studies in beat division and walking, and progress to work with a variety of metres, and cross-phasing of movement and music. More advanced assignments include music and dance phrasing; rhythmic and movement composition, and the step-by-step analysis of a complete work of dance and its relation to music. A CD accompanies the book.
The third book in the &LAW series addresses the perpetual issue of state sovereignty in the federal union-'states' rights.' From the 1770s, through the Confederate states' secession, and continuing until now, a central issue of governance is state power to object to, cancel, or be immune from federal law. The issue is fervently debated in the political arena by Tea Party efforts to limit federal intervention in education and health care; and the nullification movement efforts to prevent federal gun control and marijuana regulations. And it is a linchpin of the Supreme Court's ruling on the Voting Rights Act. This volume provides an intelligent voice in the debate about states' rights-interposition, nullification, secession, constitutional amendment-150 years after Fort Sumter.